Original Surviving Relics of the United States House of Representatives. 1789-1791(Federal Period)

The 1st United States Congress, comprising the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, met from March 4, 1789, to March 4, 1791, during the first two years of George Washington‘s presidency, first at Federal Hall in New York City and later at Congress Hall in Philadelphia. With the initial meeting of the First Congress, the United States federal government officially began operations under the new (and current) frame of government established by the 1787 Constitution. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the provisions of Article I, Section 2, Clause 3of the Constitution. Both chambers had a Pro-Administration majority. Twelve articles of amendment to the Constitution were passed by this Congress and sent to the states for ratification; the ten ratified as additions to the Constitution on December 15, 1791, are collectively known as the Bill of Rights, with an additional amendment ratified more than two centuries later to become the Twenty-seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.

One would think that the Library of Congress today would have preserved a good number of art relics from the very first years of the House of Representatives during the Federal Era.

Surprisingly to say, after doing an intense study over the last two years. It has been learned that very few historically important relics exist from the very first day with its beginnings in NYC at Federal Hall.

Only prints of the original build exist of Federal hall in New York City, where Congress first met.

The original building was knocked down and replaced by this building pictured below. Here on Wall Street, George Washington took the oath of office as our first President, and this site was home to the first Congress, Supreme Court, and Executive Branch offices. The current structure, a Customs House, later served as part of the US Sub-Treasury. Now, the building serves as a museum and memorial to our first President and the beginnings of the United States of America. Except it’s not the original building, just the same location.

Federal Hall location today, which is not the original building.

The only actual interior building image shows the very first speaker of the House Frederick Muhlenberg, painted by Joseph Wright. Who was the first official engraver of the US Mint.

This is the only existing interior image of the original Federal Hall known to exist today!

Congress had ordered in 1789, the Sergeant at Arms Silver Mace that was stolen by the British durning the War of 1812. This happened in 1814. The silver mace, symbol of the House’s authority, has been in use in the House since 1841 when the Members met in the old House Chamber. It was crafted by William Adams, a New York silversmith. The original mace had been destroyed when the British burned the Capitol in 1814, and during the intervening years, a wooden mace was used. The mace is made of 13 thin ebony rods representing the original states. The rods are bound together by the twining silver bands, which are pinned together and held at the top and bottom of the shaft by repoussé silver bands. The inscription “Wm. Adams/Manufacturer/New York/1841” is engraved on the bottom band. A silver globe with an eagle perched on it sits at the top of the mace, with the Western Hemisphere facing front. So where is the original silver and wooden mace today?

The 1841 Silver Mace replacement is pictured above.

Prior to 1841, the next most important relics belonging to House of Representatives are paintings of George Washington and Marquess De Lafayette. Which I believe were made after 1820.

What is the most cherish and oldest surviving relic with the House of Representatives? Before the Speaker calls each session of the House to order, this coin-silver inkstand is placed on the rostrum. The inkstand is considered the oldest surviving artifact of the House and was made between 1810 and 1820. Although its origins are mysterious, it most likely came into the House around 1819. The inkstand is stamped with the mark of J. Leonard, a Washington silversmith and watchmaker. It contains three replacement crystal inkwells and is adorned on both sides by swags and eagles. The feet of the tray take the form of fasces with snakes winding around them, classical symbols of unity and wisdom, respectively.

House of Representatives Ink Stand

So this is it for being the most important relic of the House of Representatives. Adding that my last paragraph was copied from their site. Their symbology of the piece is wrong, go figure!

Here and Now, I get to admit on this blog that I have just finished a rigorous study on what can now be said to be the oldest surviving relic that Congress issued in 1789 and I own it. Backed up as fact by the best forensic scientists and a spectacular lab report. This story will be coming out this summer in a national press release on the relic. The piece will be for sale this fall for seven figures.

Old Glory Quest.mov – YouTube

Gary Gianotti burial of Revolutionary War Patriots last remains, his skull. Buried with full honors, while Gianotti shows you the only proven authentic 13 st…
— Read on m.youtube.com/watch

Bringing a Revolutionary War Soldier Home.

This was a video when I found the body remains of one of the 50 plus Revolutionary war soldiers buried in a mass grave in my home town in 1777 on New Years Eve. All died of small pox from exposure on the British prison ships in New York City. They dumped them in Milford in the hopes of spreading the disease among the People of the Milford Colony that is documented as the largest palisade fort in all the Americas.

Understanding Indian Peace Medals & The Factual Laws of ownership!

The Said Red Jacket Medal?

Written & Researched By David Fegley of PA. Fegley gives in-depth information of the issues of the American Indians and their methods of recovering historical George Washington Indian Peace medals. Specifically on addressing that they were gifted to Indian chiefs and they are not property of the Tribe as a collective.

Cultural Patrimony and the Disposition of
Researched and written by Dave Fegley in correspondence with Gary Gianotti
In 1990 the “Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act” was put into effect for the purpose of further protecting Native American graves and repatriating remains and associated objects that fall into these categories. Human remains, (associated and unassociated) funerary objects, sacred objects and objects of cultural patrimony.
On May 17th 2021 the famous “Red Jacket” medal was gifted to the National Seneca Museum by the Buffalo History Museum who had owned the relic for 123 years. The Seneca Nation had requested the return of the medal under NAGPRA claiming it
“as an object of cultural patrimony that has significant historical and ongoing cultural and traditional importance not only to our community but to all Seneca peoples.”
The definition of terms included in the NAGPR Act defines “cultural patrimony” like this;
(D) “cultural patrimony” which shall mean an object having ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the

Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual Native American, and which, therefore, cannot be alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual regardless of whether or not the individual is a member of the Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and such object shall have been considered inalienable by such Native American group at the time the object was separated from such group.
The key provision in this definition is whether the property was of such central importance to the Tribe or group that it was owned communally. The potential vagueness of this term again produced
comment by the Senate Committee:
The Committee intends this term to refer to only those items that have such great importance to an Indian Tribe or to the Native Hawaiian culture that they cannot be conveyed, appropriated or transferred by an individual member. Objects of Native American cultural patrimony would include items such as Zuni War Gods, the Wampum belts of the Iroquois, and other objects of a similar character and significance to the Indian Tribe as a whole (Senate 1990:7-8).
Many objects in archeological or ethnographic collections are not subject to the statute, because they never had a burial, funerary, religious, or cultural patrimonial context in the culture that they were part of. Such objects would be retained in existing repositories with appropriate treatments and care. When archeological investigations or unanticipated discoveries on Federal or Tribal land result in the recovery of such items, they are to be treated and disposed of according the requirements of the appropriate archeological or historic preservation laws.
This is important to note that regardless of the request for repatriation by the Seneca and parroted by Mellisa Brown and Walter Mayer of the Buffalo History Museum (and Seneca Nation representatives) in multiple interviews, speeches, press releases, etc. that was used as a campaign of misinformation (especially) the few weeks prior to the “repatriation” ceremony to attempt to establish a cultural

patrimony argument after the fact and shape public sentiments.
The fact remains that the “Red Jacket” medal was personal property (or owned by an individual) under law and definitions provided. At best the Buffalo History Museum failed to do their due diligence or made a deal with the Seneca Nation not to “go after” the other relics that they feel fall into this category. This is implied by Dr Stahlman in a press release like this;
Despite identifying other objects at the Buffalo History Museum, the Seneca Nation does not want everything to leave the museum. “We don’t want everything, not because we don’t care, but some of it has to be out in the world. I mean that’s what a museum is,”
The Buffalo History Museums Melissa Brown offered this statement regarding “objects of cultural patrimony”; “Prior to the return of the Red Jacket Peace Medal, there were no conversations about it being an item of cultural patrimony. That conversation had never happened, but then again no real conversations were happening. So I think that being proactive and making that time is important.”
The more obvious reason this discussion did not happen for 31 years (since NAGPRA) is that it simply is not an “object of cultural patrimony”.
The claim that this “Peace Medal” can be defined as being owned by the group (or entire nation) as a whole rather

than an individual is debunked by Red Jacket himself as it is documented that he often… lets say “pawned” the medal to pay for liquor. Having the freedom to do so without approval of a tribal council implies individual ownership. He was deposed as a “chief” with the support of 25 other chiefs in 1827 (mainly) for his continued alcoholism and incompetence. At this time he was not stripped of the “Peace Medal” given to him by George Washington. He was later restored to his post with an intervention by the US Department of Indian Affairs and a promise to reform. After his death the medal is passed to his nephew James Johnson. It was not passed as “a badge of office” but as a distribution of his personal property. The group as a whole did not use the medal to anoint his replacement or decide to whom it would be given. Johnson later agrees to sell the medal to the New York State museum in 1851. At this point he has owned the medal for over 20 years and also implies individual ownership of the medal or that he has approval “of the group” to sell the relic. Ely Parker desiring the medal, interjects himself into the deal and pays James Johnson the amount agreed upon by the New York State Museum. A year or so later in 1852 Parker is appointed “Chief Sachem” and he wears it with pride and takes every opportunity to show the famous medal. He even requested it be placed “around his neck” as a symbol of peace which furthers a widely believed story that I take from an Ely Parker lesson plan page from the Teaching Museum of the

National Park Service;
It is said that four months before the birth of her son, Elizabeth Parker had a dream in which she had a vision of her homeland in the winter of the year. Out of a snowy sky came a rainbow that broke in the middle. The rainbow had signs with letters upon them suspended “like those seen over white men’s stores” according to Parker’s great nephew & biographer Arthur C. Parker. When Elizabeth consulted one of the Seneca dream interpreters, he told her that:
“a son will be born to you who will be distinguished among his nation as a peacemaker, he will become a white man as well as an Indian. He will be a wise white man, but will never desert his Indian people. His name will reach from the east to the west, the north to the south. His sun will rise on Indian land and set on white man’s land. Yet the ancient land of his ancestors will fold him in death.” This dream would prove prophetic as Ely Parker indeed walked the line between those two worlds and go on to write the terms of surrender for the Army of General Lee as a member of General Grants staff bringing peace to the United States as a whole.
Regardless of the story being true or not the medal was not “passed” to Parker or bequeathed to him by the group, he bought it and maintained ownership til his death in 1895 when the medal passes to his widow Minnie Parker. She sells it in 1898 to the Buffalo Historical Society. In three years time the medal was not passed to a lineal

descendant nor did it immediately return to the “Native American Group” to anoint a new “Chief Sachem”.
A role according to his nephew Arthur C. Parker he had not fulfilled for over thirty years, only returning to the reservation once or twice a year to visit his family. Again implying individual ownership rather than of the group of Native Americans as a whole at the time. In fact every one of the first four (and only) owners implied and considered the medal their personal property and not owned by the group at the time. Therefore it is by action implied by all parties – buyers, sellers and the “Nation” that the Red Jacket Medal is considered “alienable” by the Native American group (Seneca Nation) at the time the object was separated from the group. Three times.
Minnie Parker was approached many years later by Seneca representatives to retrieve the medal from the Buffalo Historical Society Museum. Her response was that she wished it to remain in the care of the museum.
In general it seems ironic that a matrilineal culture would make a claim for patrilineal objects. To gain some insight on this subject during this time period I turned to New York Senate documents. There is case after case of the Seneca trying to intervene in inheritances of property using what seems to be an extremely racist position against “mixed breed” (or white) beneficiaries. It seems it is more to this point than the necessity of the medal to carry on governmental continuity.

At this point I believe Ely Parker would have to agree that this is a losing case in any court for claiming it is an object of “cultural patrimony” under the NAGPR Act.
The statements of both Dr Stahlman (National Seneca Museum), Walter Mayer and Melissa Brown (Buffalo History Museum) should not be considered any type of legal precedent regarding the definition of “an object of cultural patrimony” or a true historical account of the medal or its ownership and purpose provided in the press releases and speeches. The law is specifically written to prevent this very thing from happening by including “at the time it was separated from the group”. – You don’t get to make it up as you go along. It would open the door for extortion of any relic in every little historical society in the country. There is no way many institutions could fund fighting lawsuit after lawsuit over every individual item any “Native American group” decided was an object of cultural patrimony or as Dr Stahlman put it “sovereign relic”. Anyone even vaguely familiar with the history of Peace Medals know that they along with many other items were given as gifts to individuals and not to the nation as a whole or necessarily associated with treaty signings or official nation business. No matter how many times it is inferred – This 1792 medal has nothing to do with the Treaty of Canadaigua. The “Red Jacket” medal was a gift to Red Jacket hoping to instill loyalty to a new nation and George Washington himself. (After fighting on

the side the British during the Revolutionary War)
If they were sovereign relics meant to be passed by lineal descent through the ages why were some of them interred with the owners as personal property? Where are the examples of George Washington Oval Peace Medals that are intact in lineage with this purpose?
This should not be allowed to be a redefinition of “cultural patrimony” under NAGPRA and used as a precedent instead of viewing and considering it for what it is – The opinions of the Seneca Nation who has an agenda as well as a new museum to fill and the representatives of the Buffalo History Museum avoiding bad press from ensuing litigation win or lose.
This may allow repatriation requests to be used as a form of legal and public sentiment terrorism directed at historical repositories and collectors.
Nevertheless I believe it resulted with the medal in a much better venue, but the method is knowingly flawed and misleading. The Seneca Museum has a fitting relic to display and the Buffalo History Museum turned potentially bad press into good press and can feel like they did the right thing if you believe there are no personal property rights and or strive to further personal “woke” agendas imbedded in institutions such as these. Do not let a positive result turn into a travesty of method or a campaign of cultural terrorism based on a United Nations concept that “cultural affiliation” replaces proof of ownership, or proof that an object was stolen or illicitly

removed. It attempts to amend traditional standards of property and ownership that have perpetuated since Roman law and allows the evolution of a control regime over cultural property that takes into account the cultural aspects of the objects instead of personal property rights and definitions under US law. On an international level, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) of 2007 stipulates the same (communistic) view of indigenous peoples’ cultural affiliation claims from notions of property and ownership. UNDRIP’s provisions on indigenous, tangible, movable culturally affiliated objects as it stands between private property and human rights law and brings into focus a concept that goes beyond traditional property law as is defined within the NAGPR Act.
Take time to read the attached links for a better understanding of NAGPRA. Misinterpretations and outright misinformation put out in press releases and interviews are causing many relics to “lose” their history. The lack of clarity or a precedent of resistance to repatriation requests is robbing us all of this shared history. This would have been an easy one to set a precedent with concerning Peace Medals specifically.
An arbitrary oversight committee should have heard an argument and made an unbiased decision. No US court would consider it even remotely possible the Red Jacket medal could be determined an object of cultural

patrimony. Then after a legal definement the Buffalo History Museum could have gifted the medal to the Seneca Museum. The result would have been the same except all the other owners or care takers of relics related to Native Americans would feel safe enough to continue to display and openly share the history awareness of this fascinating place in time and not be subject to harassment or academic and public sentiment terroristic practices.
Both the Seneca Nation and Buffalo History Museum representatives are well aware of this as is evident in the Notice of repatriation intent document as the National Park Service adds this disclaimer under supplementary information in the document.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item under the control of the Buffalo History Museum, Buffalo, NY, that meets the definition of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service’s administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American cultural item. The National Park Service is not responsible

for the determinations in this notice.
This statement shows that these entities acted on their own outside of the legal guidelines of NAGPRA in an attempt to create an overreaching precedent.
Thomas Jefferson himself in July of 1793 in a letter to Spanish representatives who had leveled accusations of bribery of tribal leaders with large pieces of silver defined what was inferred by the gift of medals to prominent visitors and foreign dignitaries;
Giving medals and marks of distinction to the Indian Chiefs. This
is but blindly hinted at in this letter, but was more pointedly
complained of in the former. This has been an antient Custom
from time immemorial. The medals are considered as
complimentary things, as marks of friendship to those who come
to see us, or who do us good offices, conciliatory of their good will
towards us, and not designed to produce a contrary disposition
towards others, They confer no power, and seem to have taken
their origin in the European practice of giving medals or other
marks of friendship to the negotiators of treaties, and other
diplomatic Characters, or visitors of distinction. The British
government, while it prevailed here, practised the giving Medals,
Gor gets, and Bracelets to the Savages invariably. We have
continued it, and we did imagine, without pretending to know,
that Spain also did it
The value of George Washington Peace medals and other similar relics would double overnight with the realization that the definition of “an object of cultural patrimony” had to clearly be considered owned by the group….

Enough is enough. It’s time to be an American with ideals based in freedom and law as it is written. These things are sacred and bastardization of this by the likes of those involved in twisting fact to suit their agenda needs to be confronted and rejected.
After reading many press releases about the medal, I have to ask… if that is in fact supposed to be “Red Jacket” portrayed with George Washington on the medal, where is his red jacket? A better interpretation (especially considering the medals were made prior to Washington meeting Red Jacket) would be that it depicts a “Pine Tree Chief” in general as the figure in question is standing under a pine tree. Referring to a chief who makes peace.
I leave you with the words of Ely Parker to Robert E. Lee at Appomattox, “We are all Americans here”.
(I would at this point have to add “start acting like it”)
https://nagpra.ucdavis.edu/resources https://nagpra.ucdavis.edu/resources
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international- journal-of-cultural-property/article/abs/concept-of- cultural-affiliation-in-nagpra-its-potential-and-limits-in-

the-global-protection-of-indigenous-cultural-property- rights/2EB2D738076627576CBE2E9B8CF9CF24
https://www.nps.gov/subjects/nagpra/frequently-asked- questions.htm
https://www.wgrz.com/article/news/local/red-jacket- peace-medal-returned-to-the-seneca-nation/71-4eec9b82- f3f0-43f1-ae14-4915911266d7
https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2021-02-09/pdf/ 2021-02611.pdf
https://www.crookedlakereview.com/articles/ 34_66/48mar1992/48guernsey.html
https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/USCODE-2020- title25/html/USCODE-2020-title25-chap32-sec3001.htm
https://indiancountrytoday.com/the-press-pool/red-jacket- peace-medal-welcomed-back-to-rightful-home-with- seneca-nation
https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/ 2021/06/03/red-jackets-peace-medal-returned-seneca- nation-buffalo-museum/5240459001/https:/
http://www.nytimes.com/1865/10/29/archives/the-red-jacket- medal.html

http://jeffersonswest.unl.edu/archive/view_doc.php? id=jef.00062
https://www.pbs.org/warrior/content/timeline/circle/ mulberrySt.html
https://books.google.com/books? id=UFhIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA326-IA4&lpg=PA326- IA4&dq=red+jacket+club+buffalo+historical+society&so urce=bl&ots=K31bYVPI0z&sig=ACfU3U2D2NwY7cH mDjWmF9hsF6fyD9eVAw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKE wi4lvH2gPj1AhVCn- AKHZAYAfEQ6AF6BAhQEAM#v=onepage&q=red%20 jacket%20club%20buffalo%20historical%20society&f=fa lse
https://books.google.com/books? id=mn87AQAAMAAJ&pg=RA7-PA383&lpg=RA7- PA383&dq=seneca+tribe+and+matrimonial+lineage&sou rce=bl&ots=rBg6GG2yL0&sig=ACfU3U38UhJgR2wwG QrfoRBdS8ozw5oWYg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwil 7- Gxvvr1AhWunOAKHRgXC24Q6AF6BAgkEAM#v=one page&q=seneca%20tribe%20and%20matrimonial%20line age&f=false
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Red-Jacket- Seneca-chief

https://books.google.com/books? id=cBAbAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA146&lpg=PA146&dq=red +jacket+deposed+as+chief+1827+signed+by+25+chiefs& source=bl&ots=kawCYZQFeb&sig=ACfU3U2dQ9DivLb gdNcmDKhXX90SmQ9wgg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUK Ewi38JCIjP31AhXymXIEHcz4DBoQ6AF6BAgkEAM#v =onepage&q=red%20jacket%20deposed%20as%20chief %201827%20signed%20by%2025%20chiefs&f=false
https://public-inspection.federalregister.gov/ 2021-02611.pdf?1612791929
these links represent only a fraction of research done on this subject, but does provide enough to realize my point and attempts to show cherry picked excerpts used in many of the mentioned press releases etc. in actual context or in many instances outright fabrications
I am joined by many in the belief the practices discussed is counter productive and damaging to the “cultural awareness” relics like this provide. It will eventually strip every easily accessible collection of anything of consequence. Allowing self determinations of objects under NAGPRA opens the door for federal funds to be awarded under false pretenses of “cultural affiliation” claims and not simply a decision or agreement between a

“Native American Group” and whichever federally funded institution they decide to target.

Newly Discovered – Joseph Wright’s Signature Symbology

The Self Devouring Snake – House of Stuart Symbology Of Restoration & Rebirth.

Recently, I have done an exhaustive search into the Study of the Symbology of the Loyalists to the House of Stuart using the Circular Snake that eats its own tail.

1792 Wright GW Indian peace medal with shaded snake below the ring.

It was just over two years ago when this information was exposed by the Jacobite author Paul Monod in his book Jacobitism and the English People. Also his students on their website, went into full detail of the symbology meaning to the deposed Charles II.

The Stuart Sovereignty Snake symbology represented the circular course to regain the thrown and the snake being the Stuarts “God Given Authority to Rule” with this circular snake representing their riyal “Link” to God and the Restoration of Charles II . This documentation originated from the Oxford scholars personal diary, Thomas Hearne. Which I recovered from the original British Parliamentary government records posted below. The Old Serpent of Spirit and Resistance in 1653-1660.

This is the symbology that was readopted when Charles II brother becomes king and is exiled by the Jacobites and is the origin symbolism of the George Washington, George Ross and Betsy Ross stars & Stripes flag of the United States.

Stuart Loyalist Button Representing Hearne’s documentation

It is unknown if Wright had known of this symbology that he introduced into his art work while in England first. But when he spent a years time in France with Benjamin Franklin, he was familiar with this symbology or the 9 Sister Masonic Lodge and the 9 sisters lodge adoption of this symbolism with their Lodge Seal that had the snake. Originating with the French Orient Grand Lodge that Charles II founded while in exile. The Orient Grand Lodge gave the 9 Sisters Masonic Lodge, their founding Charter to be established.

Over the last two years, I had spent hundreds of hours, searching for Stuart art that shows the symbology of the circular snake. So little was ever found, other than the factual documents that confirm this as fact and the many Jacobite Snake buttons that all American button collectors continuously believe the art originated in America. Representing a concept of Don’t Tread on me, when it’s factual don’t Tread Upon me!

Other than all of what was said, there is the famous British Loyalists Mansions that has this symbolism documented, painted as part of the Jacobite symbology on a ceiling. Then we have Murray G. H. Patrick an academic Professor finding documented evidence in his book that the Loyalist Cycle Club used this symbolism as part of their main symbology. These loyalist were known for their secret gatherings and using ornate engraved toasting glass to salute the Exiled Stuart king as the worded it “Over the Water”! Which means across the water in France or Italy. This is where a famous song originated that Americans think this song is part of American Western culture and a child’s nursery song named “My Bonnie lies over the Ocean” and bring back my Bonnie to me. Referring to the last true Stuart King, Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charles. Who failed to win back the thrown in his failed 1745 Up-Rising.

After Wright spent a year in France, he returned to America with letters of reference from Benjamin Franklin to Washington that would allow him to be the leading Masonic Guild Artist in America.

Both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson favored the work of Joseph and introduced him to the leading socialite class and to the Military offices with Washington Society of Cincinnati.

This is we’re I realized I had spent countless hours looking for Wrights esoteric art with these paintings. Where many of Wrights initials were found in many paintings that were signed. I also found many of his Master Masons 47 numbers in his art work. Those finds were exceptionally important with spending years to prove that Joseph Wright factually made the two “”JLW” 1792 George Washington silver oval, Indian Peace medals.

Only last week I learned the Society owned a painting they believed was an original painting of their original member John Mills.

John Mills Pictured above

It’s not everyday, I find out another Wright painting exists and what hidden art that maybe found to advance the study. So immediately last week, I was well received by the Societies Museum curator. Not even in two hours, he sent me multiple images and I made him a bet that I would find solid evidence that proves Joseph Wright did the painting.

In less than 20 minutes I closely examined the images and my eyes lite up as it focused on the Society Membership medal he was wearing.

There it is, Wrights Stuart, circular self devouring snake on the painted medal and there are his initials in a couple locations if you look closely.

No one until now, ever knew this snake existed on this painting. Now there is an issue that the painting is not signed and now we have symbology that no artists of the day would have ever done, other than him. Just like the two circular snakes on the Wright Peace medal. Pictured below. The snake was shaded in and the aged patina enhanced the snakes head and eye on the medals bezel. The second snake is on the medal that the Indian is wearing, who is greeting Washington in the engraved scene.

Snake head on 1792 NY JLW Medal
Two snakes on Wrights JLW 1792 GW IPM

So what are the odds that he is placing these snakes on medals that are in the art scene on a medal with an Indian wearing a medal with the circular snake? and painting? Still this offers exceptional credible evidence that the painting is authentic. Your always going to get that skeptic and clueless expert who would say it’s just a coincidence. After going head to head with so many expert authorities involving many relics from great seals to the only two proven Stars and Stripes flags. I had always have been a big believer of modern forensics. Sure you can test other painting of Wrights and do XRF testing and send the art out to the lab, starting at $10k a pop or more to match his paints. Just like the 1792 NY Wright peace medal, it cost thousands of dollars and many months with the scientists to prove the medal authentic. But some times you just get lucky from just putting in the actual time and dedication with countless hours of studying the known works done by the artist.

Below is the painting of General Giles. Giles painting has a fully documented provenance that Joseph Wright did this painting. Did the couple of well respected Wright experts prove the painting Of John Miller was painted by Joseph Wright, no they did not. No forensics that I read on the conservation was done. Except, these experts did in fact have the evidence of a society member and dialed in who he would be and the date of the painting. Still they did not prove it 100%

The Amazing thing, I remember Wright had done both General Giles painting and General Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben and both are wearing the Cincinnati Membership medals. After finding the best images that show the medals. We find that Joseph Wright did the Self devouring snakes on both medals and an additional one on Steuben’s other medal with an extra bonus the show the Master Mason number 47 symbology.

General Giles portrait by Wright in 1784 wearing his Cincinnati Society Membership Medal
General Giles Society medal-showing the circular snake

Pictured below is Wrights documented painting of General Steuben with a couple medals and both his medals show the snake. Pictured below is his painting and his medal from Europe with the snake and 47 in a couple locations.

Wrights Painting of General Steuben

You can see Wrights cross hatch checkering with the 4s and the 7’s are inverted. The center of the medal shows a large inverted J. Then go below the lower 4 I pointed towards. Below that you will see Wrights W.

The evidence is exceptional, the other great American masters like Stuart, Copley, Peal, artist in the circle with the government. You never see any such self eating snakes in any of their works. But they do and did curved worms and or accepted as snakes to represent Jesus last words on the cross “I’m nothing but a worm•.

At this point there is enough evidence that would show this symbolism is pretty much, Joseph Wrights Calling card. Here we definitely have a definitive on the facts with Wright and his Stuart Symbology of the Circular Snake.

The last image post is one that I highly doubt is a mystery to solve. A picture of General Henry Knox, society medal and on the ring above the medal, you can see the snake head and at 10-11 o’clock position, you can see the very good cut letter J.

Wright was friends with Knox and I believe his medal was made in France. Wright had opportunities that I’m sure to do additional custom work as such. Wright was summoned to do a portrait of General Knox’s son. His son was deceased and requested to visit the body at the Generals home and make the painting of the child.

General Knoxs society medal ring

Over the years, I have studied paintings of all the other important artist in the American Colonies. Gilbert Stewart, John Trumbull, Samuel Waldo, Charles Wilson Peal and John Singleton Copley. All studied abroad in England under Benjamin West. Copley left for England in 1774 to never return to America.

Of the known works and ready available images of their vast surviving portraits. I have not seen them engrave, draw, paint in any way, The symbolism of the Self Devouring Snake or the French La Loge des Neuf Sœurs “The Nine Sisters Number 9 . The lodge was established in Paris in 1776, was a prominent French Masonic Lodge of the Grand Orient de France that was influential in organising French support for the American Revolution with Benjamin Franklin as one of its founding masters.

Continue reading

The United States Flag-Documented Red & White Stripes – Royal Stuart Admiralty Origins

It’s been quite an amazing few weeks with Connecting the dots with online searches that has now allowed the factual origins and usage of the United States flags, stripes originated.

My hat off and a bow to the President of the North American Vexillology Association, Mr. Peter Ansoff & Mr. Bryson DeLear for their work that inspired me to step back waist deep with flag research.

Never thought I would ever find this documentation that involves Charles II, brother James Stuart the Duke of York being appointed as the High Lord Admiral. The documentation posted below covers the factual adoption of the red and white stripes flag. This was written into Admiralty/Naval law and dated. Also we see the direct connections of the Penn Family and why his grandson, William Penn. Placed ship flying the Striped Union flag in the engraved Philadelphia harbor scene.

This find also confirms the joint combined symbolism of both Charles and the snake eating it’s tail and why Jacobites place the snake and stripes on the rare buttons being attributed to James. Who later became the exiled and deposed King, after he took the thrown.

Flag researchers have only had this documentation showing the striped flag being called the Stuart Royal Ensign. Until this document was found by me, today!

This is all that was known about its link to the Stuarts by a source

Below, shows James placing it into service and how it was flown. Now the entire work I have done over 20 years of research on the United States flag origins is 100% complete! Yes the American Stars and Stripes is the direct origins to the Stuarts.

Note: the Stuarts are DNA African, Sahara desert people. They became knights with william the Conqueror and became the Kings of the British realm.

Above is the documented source and below is the written story and source location.

Just to mention again, when George Washington raised the Striped Union flag at Prospect Hill. He did not create any design. This flag is 100% a Stuart Royal original. GW raises the flag at Prospect Hill to show the British when the American Sovereignty or their British sovereignty originated, period! The United States used a flag that preserved their true sovereignty history and British subjects of the true deposed Kings and only let the imposter families know it. Pretty simple story….

The Union Flag & Debates Among Flag Historian’s

Peter Ansoff, is dedicated flag historian, who wrote an amazing paper on the history and controversies of the design being used by the United States before we became a nation.

Recently I contacted him and another Flag researcher named Byron DeLear, author of the book “The First American Flag: Revisiting the Grand Union at Prospect Hill”.

What I see here is two brilliant flag researchers butting heads on the history and origins of the flag. If any of you had read my blog article “To Scorn & Divide” you would realize that I had already solved the entire flag origins of the United States, the Union Flag and the Stars & Stripes origins.

In the past I had addressed my early theories with other flag researchers and let me tell you, it’s like dealing with a dentist pulling teeth. The stubbornness and ignorance to the factual history truth with the founding of the United States.

But between the two, Peter and Bryon, I have to 100% acknowledge that both were making good headway by doing the research. Definitely Peters information is more historically fact, to the documented information that I have spent years finding. Let’s look at this wonderful page from Peters paper that shows an engraving dedicated to William Penn’s son. Naval scene that shows Philadelphia and vessels before it. One of the British ships, displays what is called the American Grand Union flag.

When Peter sent me the paper the other day, it took me less than 30 seconds to find the missing link that gives the origins of the flag and ship symbolism for who it represented. Below the flag flying and above the person standing in the window, the artist made sure to show symbology of the flags origins to England. Which is the Ouroboros snake eating it’s tail. Look at the enhancement image below.

Charle I & II Sovereignty Symbology of the Snake eating it’s tail with the E symbol for Emanuel. But note where the snake head should be, it appears to be another E. Still does not change the meaning, it’s the Stuart link to God and their sovereign right to rule! My guess is being that snail it’s to give off a sea serpents spinal fins, from the head down to the and E found.

Right there, if you put the Oxford Herne documents to factual use with this engraving. We are seeing Jacobite symbology that can not be debated with flag historians. So it’s game over with the Prospect Hill debate! Our founding fathers kept using the true symbolism of British. Specifically to the House of Stuart, they gave the British East and West India Company charters and had financial interest in the company! So they flew the flag of the Kings colors and it was King James and Charles symbology along with their order of the Knights Garter it represents.

The one thing to remember with this symbology in 1754. Charles Edward Stuart failed in his attempt to take back the thrown in 1745. Even 10 years later, we see loyalist artist using the original symbology that represents the Stuarts link to God and their right to rule that’s specific with the Restoration history of Charles Edward Stuart. This is in continuous use from Charles I & II before, during and after the American Revolution. Adopted as identical templates to many of the nations first flags, Coins, medals and vast art by the American guild artist, controlled by the Scottish into the 1790 and after!

Remember Ben Franklin was on the flag and seal committees Franklin became one of the founding Master Masons of the French Masonic Lodge named the Lodge of the Nine Sisters! The Grand Orient Masonic Lodge granted their charter and that lodge was founded by Charles II. Good old Ben Franklin adopted the Stuart Snake that eats its tail symbol for restoring the Stuarts and that’s a fact!

This is just one of the few documented pieces of art showing the Nine Sisters Lodge supporting the Jacobite cause!
The Grand Orient was Charles II lodge that he found while in exile for a short period. The Grand lodge chartered Franklins French lodge that also symbolizes the Nine Goddesses of math, sciences and the arts.

Note this fact, where did George washington become a Freemason? The Jacobite Freemasons lodge in Fredericksburg, VA. Where General Mercer who died on the battlefield at Princeton. General Mercer was one of Lodges founder! Mercer as a young man served on the battlefield with Charles Edward at Culloden.

One image of interest when Mr. DeLear posted the 1776 Union Flag on the colonial currency, pictured below! So we have a Canada/Carolina connection. The Jacobites settled in influenced that design being used! General Mercer, a great patriot founding father, who was a Jacobite!

So when will flag experts allow the Truth to be accepted that the British symbolism adopted to all the most important American Symbology represents the deposed House of Stuart? It’s where our Sovereignty originated from England from day one with the founding of the Colonies and the United States, period!!!!!

Just In Case Flag Experts say this is preposterous, we will never accept the Truth! Take a look at the big letter E next to the 8 pointed knights Garter star, found on the Deposed Charles Edward Stuarts engraving by Sir Robert Strange(Jacobite Royal Engraver) Doesn’t get anymore clear than that does it?

Prince Charles Edward Stuart the exiled prince of the British realm, who tried to recover the British Throne with his 1745 Uprising. The short war was called the “45”.

The Young Pretenders Great Grandfather, where the symbology for the British East India Company Originates and even after the Glorious Revolution, didn’t change. Regardless if the ship was a loyalist ship to the Stuarts or a BEIC vessel! Regardless is the ships flew those flags under Queen Mary and then their male heirs into the American Revolution. They were Half Stuarts and so was their grandmother Mary.

Competition arose in 1635 when Charles I granted a trading licence to Sir William Courteen, which permitted the rival Courteen association to trade with the east at any location in which the EIC had no presence. In an act aimed at strengthening the power of the EIC, King Charles II granted the EIC (in a series of five acts around 1670) the rights to autonomous territorial acquisitions, to mint money, to command fortresses and troops and form alliances, to make war and peace, and to exercise both civil and criminal jurisdiction over the acquired areas.

So, when the company is flying flags on their ships, fortresses they occupied. The flag represents the companies sovereign, Charles I & II and the Stripes represent a total of 13. Jesus and the 12 apostles, being King Charles and his order of the Knights Garter, who were appointed by the king himself. The most trusted knights, who helped rule the realm! Today’s Queen Elizabeth on her government educational site, gives the 13 meaning as I mentioned. Where the Red and white stripes based on the founding families of the Empire, sure. The Houses York & Lancaster, their symbology is always famous with even today’s Americans. Who know like about the history, but have heard, War of the Roses is the direct origins to the stripes symbology with a Union. The Stuarts are behind the creation of the Union as seen on these flags and that does not change its history, even today or even after when the Hanoverians ruled!

It’s important to understand that even if these flags were flown by the Hanoverian dynasty from at the time they seized power, being the Stuart daughter and her husband, prince william. They exiled their Father pretty much because of religious differences since King Henry. Thus a few wars and endless skirmishes occurred for decades before the American Revolution to take back the thrown.

There is no reason for the BEIC to change the flag design, the deposed Kings daughter is now in power, She’s a Stuart! But regarding theses Jacobites. Vast networks of loyalists supported the exiled Bonnie Prince Charlie. Who I believe had been to America and was going to be King. Remember, he was the grandmaster of all Freemasonry, which is called Stuart Freemasonry. Charles, by the time just after the Revolution was getting old and he spent his last days drinks 7-10 bottles of wine a day, passing from alcoholism.

The United States founding symbolism, 100% represents, directly to the identity of Stuart Sovereignty origins and the People’s sovereignty in the United States, today!

Even the Great Seal of the United States has been proven to be the product of Scottish Masonic Guild power over our founding fathers, official decision making because of the foreign powers that be, aided them and supported the Revolution.

Jacobite medal showing Deposed Stuart propaganda, The goddess Minerva holding the pole with the cap symbolizing Liberty for what the shield she hold that it represents. Deposed Stuart King & his knights Garter (13 Stripes).

Note just above the Liberty cap and Head of Minerva, you get to see the symbol of the Snake eating it’s tail again. Same symbolism meaning of the engraving showing the Stripped Union flag waving on the ship in a breeze. Again, this is the calling card symbolism of the struggles and sovereignty rights of the Stuarts from Charles I to Charles Edward the last Stuart heir to the thrown.

Pictured above is a British Loyalist Jacobite button found in England or France. Showing the Stuart symbology and the circular Star links of the order of the Garter represented by the five pointed stars. This is where with other similar buttons of such is the predecessor to the American 13 chain links of the colonies that became states. So basically we ripped of this symbology of the Jacobites or was it intentionally done? I say intentionally done…

So the evidence with buttons of the Jacobites in America is one of the best sources of seeing many different variations of Jacobite symbology, directly adopted to many famous sovereign art history of our national treasures design origins.

This is the frost proposed drawing of the Great Seal, I’m just showing the flag. Now just drop the Jacobite snake button section, showing the Star constellation. And you have a new variation that represented the Betsey Ross flag!

So the myths with Betsey Ross are going to be finally and publicly addressed this new coming year of 2022! Her designing the flag is a myth and so is the other seamstress who made flags for the first American Navy ships of Commodore Hopkins.

Just note this from To Scorn and Divide post, they Betsey Ross myth stops here! The earlier Stuarts, second sons of the King held the titles Earl of Ross. Which the last Sturt to hold the title was Charles I who’s head was lopped off by order of the British Parliament run by Oliver Cromwell.

Betsey’s association to Washington have her sew such a flag was directly associated with her husband who died early on in the Revolution in an accident. His grandfather sold off his titles as one of the high lords, chieftains of Clan Ross. Who were always loyal to the House of Stuart.

This is your entire lost history with Betsey and her husbands association to the flag symbology via Charles I who was the Last Earl of Ross when he was a Prince!

Note this fact, imagine solving this history that is a major revamp in teaching the government and the People of the United States! What’s your bet here, let be told or will the truth be suppressed?

Just image how the British Hanoverians who deposed the true Kings felt that Scottish and English loyalists adopted all the Sturt symbolism in an evolution, just to throw it in their face and that’s what happened with the United States flags design origins!

Now Read the excerpt from Mr. DeLare and Mr. Whitney Smith, the founder of NAVA. (North American Vexillological Association).

The smoking gun is still smoking and the basic evidence in this documents debunks Mr. DeLares written statement. Adding, I can drop dozens of more art pieces and documents on government original relics and documented history of the piece rewritten to being Scottish influenced by being made by their American Masonic Guild Artist. The oldest Modern Freemasons records know to exist are located in Scottish Salt Preston Lodge dating back to the Stuarts in the mid 1500s for giving them their Lodge Charter to be established! Acheson Masonic Lodge, they are married to each other, including Sinclair’s, Scot and their true identity as being royals named St. Clair of Herdmonstoun!

So the Sturt kings Chartered York Rite, Scottish Rite Freemasonry. The Scottish Freemasons do not acknowledge American or Scottish Rite Freemasons. Right from the Words of Scotland’s Grand-lodge historian Richard Cooper. Who grandfather was the teacher of Sir Robert Strange, the Jacobite Royal engraver and life guard to The Old Pretender, Edward Francis Stuart. Robert Strange you got the point with the E on the engraving of Charles Edward in the engraving at the beginning of this post!

On 23 June 1661 a marriage treaty agreeing upon the union of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza was signed. Catherine brought a dowry of £500,000, as well as Bombay, Tangier and the right of free trade with the Portuguese colonies, and also popularised tea-drinking in Britain.


Thomas Penn, deliberately had the ship with the Union Striped Flag inserted into his “commissioned “ of Philadelphia. Thomas Penns grandfather served King Charles by giving vast sums of his personal money to rebuild his weathered Naval fleet at the time of the Restoration. He was even on the ship named for Charles II that picked up his brother who in Holland. The Penn’s requested the lands in America in exchange for the large sum of money they gave to rebuild Charles navy fleet.

Below is the painting showing ECI ships at the navy yard in England. Where the new 1st rate EIC was being built was personally built by King Charles II, placing a favored Captain in command of “his” EIC ship. The vessels massive stern was exquisitely carved with Charle II symbolism and the Stuart Royal arms. When it all boils down to the truth, the American Grand union flag flown at Prospect Hill and raised before the new standing American Continental Army, including the first flag of the US Navy, being the Alfred. Represent specifically history of the Stuart Royal Family and no one else. One of the most interesting mysteries and the US first Stars & Stripes symbolism represents where our United States sovereignty symbolism originated.

East India Ship Charles II nearly completed before being launched into service In England. Showing off her symbolism and Flag representing King Charles II symbolic identity.

The final reason for why the newly formed government would adopt the the House of Stuart symbolism. Aside of knowing that many founding fathers were Jacobite supports or in business with them directly. My last words on it was that they chosen to use the designs of the original symbolism of their sovereignty originated, that’s to the true sovereigns who were removed from the thrown. This is a pretty simple reason for why.

NYC Smithsonian GW IPM the National Museum of the American Indian

Several years ago I have exhausted countless hours addressing the Smithsonian Indian Museum in NYC. Specifically with requesting the XRF testing data that I was willing to pay for the information that is supposed to be FREE!

The Unstamped Joseph Richardson 1792 medal

I spent so much time trying cut through the 501c3 not for profit red tape. Having direct contact with the curator and lady responsible for doing the XRF testing. After months of phone tag, they refused by legal law to give the data! Their excuse was that they had an Indian council who had to vote and give me permission to have the XRF data that would have aided my research on setting the standard of how these medals were made.

How do you like that? The Smithsonian denied me information that by 501c3 laws had to give me the information. So here tax payers pay for the millions of dollars a year in grant money, they want to charge people to enter their museums and now they take it upon themselves to be in the control of relic information business for financial gain and or for control to prevent others outside of the socialist academic realm to be road blocked with private research studies.

I’m bewildered by such actions and this is what’s been going on with most museums that house such medals and this happened with the Gilcrease museum also. The Gilcrease housed Chief Piamingos medal of the Chickasaw Nation illegally! Which is against the law to do so with burial relics and receive federal grant money! Did they know about that when the famous collector named Patrick purchased the medal and kept it on loan with three other medals? Who knows but someone knew!

Here is the basic finding that the Smithsonian can’t hide from the public with regards to their said Joseph Wright 1792 medal that has no makers mark punch. Why no punch? Because Joseph Wright had the right to do so, as he punched medals like on the woolaroc and the JW 1792 NY specimen because he was the first official engraver of the mint with the right to do so! Look at the bezel and edge of the medal that shows vast flaking of the plated silver! My response to all the time wasted with being respectful to the Smithsonian who denies the information can go pound sand!

Large silver plated flaking
Large flaking of the silver Plating found & note the porous dotting all over the medal, that’s the silver plating breaking down!

Now when you read the Smithsonian information on the medal. The origins go back to Ohio and is said used by the Wyandotte tribe! Well, well, well, look who fell in the well? I realized this could be the missing Little Turtle 1792 medal that was not buried with him and the 1795s medal he received! Has been identified by David Fegley that it was sold in the 1980s by Stacks and Bowers.

Why would the Indians who run the council for the NYC Indian museum, not have contacted the tribe in Oklahoma, who it belongs too? Well, I sent them an email, let’s see what transpires….

Seneca Chief Farmers Brother’s 1792 Silver Plated IPM

Last winter I was fortunate to go to NY and see in hand Chief Farmer’s Brother’s small George Washington 1792 peace medal. It was an exciting visit and I was allowed to study the medal in hand and have the medal XRF tested.

The results showed that the medal was plated with coin silver and the plates were +60% silver that was mixed with a -30% copper. You can see the wear on the medal where the plating is worn and the plating area shows a copper color discoloration around the medal

The medal is in excellent condition and the only area showing the plating is around the outside circumference of the medal edge.

You can see the plating worn of the wire.

Red Jacket’s Medal Returns To The Seneca Nation & Construction of the Medal Revealed.

In recent months the New York based Buffalo Historical Society gave back the famous Chief Red Jackets, 1792 silver oval George Washington Peace medal. The Seneca had filed that the medal was meant to be passed down from Chief to Chief. Being a medal that the laws of NAGPRA applied, as being cultural with lineal decent.

Red Jacket and his medal

After countless attempts to request that the medal be examined and tested with the Buffalo Historical Society as far back as 2015. This most famous of all medals revealed itself with out even having to travel to upstate NY to examine the piece.

Close up images of several locations found on the medal show that the medal always believed to have been solid silver. Conforms to the scientific analysis of years long research with the 1792 Joseph Wright medal, the 1792 Farmers Brothers medal (Red Jackets Brothers Medal), the 1793 large oval named the Mitchelson medal.

Each medal revealed that they are all silver plated. Done in two layers of plating, where the first coat is a pure silver wash and the top coat is either coin silver or sterling silver plating.

The Red Jacket medal below shows an excellent example in the lower 7 o’clock position a chunk of the top layer that fell off the medal. I circled other locations that also show where you can seen the double plating on the silver/copper sheet below the ring.

Who would have ever thought that all the best medals experts would have overlooked the fact that the authentic medals are all silver plated.

Here is food for thought, how many people over the last five decades believed their medals were authentic and were told by the auction houses and their authorities on these medals that their medals were fakes? I would think there has had to have been many and of those many medals said to have been fakes. I would bet that several were authentic and now they are probably lost. So would these experts and the auction house be liable for the damages they have done? Well, let me say thanks for the mess you created and those responsible know specifically who I talking about. I applaud you for being like the Jacobite Bonnie Prince Charlie the Pretender! That’s exactly what the auction houses leading experts are on the subject of George Washington Silver Oval Peace medal Pretenders! Acting as authorities to control all aspects of the medals of what’s fake and real, including the monetary values of them. Look at the great job they did devaluing the last two medals sold that should have sold for a great deal more money than they were sold for!

To reader of this post and especially to readers who believe they own one of these exceptionally rare medals! If you want know if your medal is the real deal. You can contact me any time if you want a scientific study done that is actually correct on the identification standard that I spent years establishing.

Also the last thing I wanted to mention is that I’m hoping the Seneca Nation and their curator at their new museum. Will allow the scientific testing to be accomplished where I know between the Farmers Brother medal, the Red Jacket medal and the 1792 Joseph Wright medals. Would have a quantitive match on the plating that’s +60 percent silver mixed with -30 copper. Proving that these medals in 1792 are from the same sheets off the same press at the fledgling US Mint in Philadelphia.

Winterthur’s 1789 GW IPM

One must wonder why is this 1789 and the ANA 1789 medals considered by the few experts authentic? My theory is that they are accepted because they are burial medals! It’s amazing how not for profits often have relics in their collections that are illegal to possess when they are given vast sums of tax payers money in the form of grants. While at the same time you request new studies to be performed and 9 out of 10 times their curators never return your correspondence requests.

If anyone has ever read the scientific report by the Winterthur Museums 1789 medal. Looks like their testing was a failure as well. How did they miss this giant chunk of plating missing that I circled? They must not have worn their glasses and the methods they used only tested the top silver plating. Making them believe the medal was solid silver. The old artists knew how to beat specific gravity testing.

Let’s take this post a little further and show the 2021 top dollar Silver oval GW IPM that was purchased for $600k plus. Owned by a very passionate collector Alan Weinberg who is a renowned medals and coin collector. Would Alan dispute me on this factual image post that proves his recently purchased medal is also plated? There is nothing to dispute because the medal is plated and like I said in past posts. Labor was cheap back then and the work that went in to double plating these medals was laborious with superior craftsmanship invested in each medal. In reality, if there was ever such a thing of one of these medals ever being solid silver. They would be less valuable than the plated medals because the purpose of doing the intense work? Involved the reflective art the artist were focused on. Which you can not do with a solid piece of plate silver.

Alan Weinbergs Medal

You can clearly see the double plating of silver sound the entire edge of the medal. Maybe since Alan can afford to spend $600k. On his medal, maybe he would step up to the plate and have my scientist do the testing. You can see the pictures do not lie!

Pictured below are images of the 1789 ANS medal showing scratches that break the silver plating. You would think coin people use magnifying glasses to look at these thing, right? Well how could you miss this stuff? Looks like I’m going to be presenting the first medals clown award trophy’s to a few people this year.

1789 ANS Plated Peace medal

So below will be the new 2021 Medals Clown Trophy award that I’m going to send out to the top 12 winners for screwing up this history of the GW Silver oval Indian peace medals. Yes they are silver plated and I’m running out of silver to make them!

The First Clown Trophy award for the biggest screw ups in the study of George Washington silver oval Indian peace medals.

Controversial Burial Medal Almost Sold By Heritage Auctions! Chickasaw Chief Piamingo’s Medal Unearthed

How amazing it is to learn how the top authorities with the George Washington medals all seem to have amnesia during the Patrick collection sale of three GW Silver oval IPM’s during the January 2021.

So what’s really going on here with Hertiage Auction house, the NGC (Numismatic Guaranty Corporation), including the Gilcrease Museum and the renowned authoritie with these medals including Anthony Terranova? Regarding of the sale of a known Tulpo, 1793 Chickasaw chief Piamingo’s burial medal that had been in controversy since the 1980’s. When it was sold by Sotheby’s to Mr. Terranove? Now back then it was legal to own and possess such medals that are now protected by the federal laws called “NAGPRA”.

Pictured above is the documented Piamingo medal with an amazingly visible, inverted triangular chunk of silver plating missing.
Above is the very same medal that sold with the Patrick collection in January 2021.

I don’t think you have to be like one of the forensic scientists that I often spend many thousands of dollars testing medals for me! To prove that both these medals are both one in the same medals. what’s known for a fact now is that this is the one medal that was a major factor for why NAGPRA was created, being a documented funerary relic.

Back in 2011 this medal was in the famous gathering of medals at the Gilcrease museum! Where it resided for years and after Patrick had passed the estate brought the medal to auction. The medal was sent to the GNC who authenticated the medal because it had extraordinary provenance. That’s right, extraordinary provenance with the factual identity of the medal being the funerary medal belonging to Chickasaw Chief Piamingo was missing from the sale documentation. Which was dug up from a road worker back in the 1950s in Mississippi. Read the entire scientific report on the link below. Also read the articles of the Indians wanting the medal back from Terranova!

Click to access 2000_35_2.pdf

But remember that even though Terranova owned the medal at one time. It was legal to own these burial medals until the 1990s.


So after lots of thought for why was this medal pulled from that Heritage Auction sale. I’m guessing that Heritage must have realized they were selling a burial medal. Did Patrick take this information of the medal being Piamingos to the grave, where he tossed out the information on the medals identity? So how did the information get lost from 2011 to 2021?

I guess your guess would be about as good as mine. But the one thing I do know for certain, the Gilcrease was housing a funerary medal for years apparently and if your a museum doing such a thing and collecting Federal grant money. You would lose your federal grants if that was known! I’m so happy that Heritage auctions pulled the medal before it was undersold like the other two medals.

Here is new information learned recently about the other medal that sold! During General Anthony Wayne’s speech at the 1795 Greenville Treaty. He expressed to the Nations who just received their 1795 medals, that they were meant to be passed down from father to son. From my take, the 1795 medals are sovereignty medals that would again more than likely be protected under the NAGPRA laws as well!

Special note, it this is true? Wouldn’t the NY Seneca Chief Fish Carries 1795 medal that sold from the Patrick collection, fall under the same laws if they were meant to be sovereignty relics. Think about it? To be passed from father to son on medals that are the treaty medals not early gift peace medals. One give at the signing of treaties.

The whole medals controversy and corruption involving these medals is absolutely retarded and ludicrous. How many people out there have been told their medals are fakes? If it happened to you, I want to hear! I’m hoping the federal government opened an investigation into the matter here with this funerary medal. Because this whole medal sale stinks because people knew this medal identity to Chief Piamingo! I want to know who was the expert consultant that was the between person or persons with Heritage and The GNC, who certified the medal as authentic.

The GNC refused to authenticate the 1792 JW NY medal that has a major scientific report on the medals authenticity by McCrones Analytical lab by the top scientists and testing equipment in the country. So what’s really going on here with these medals?